Contributors

NORDIC MEDIA NETWORK

bellona    BELLONA
   ICELAND REVIEW
muurilehtlogo2   MÜÜRILEHT // WADER MEDIA
lsm-logo   PUBLIC BROADCASTING OF LATVIA
dpl_07  DIPLOMAATIA

Alexey KovalevAlexey Kovalev

Alexey Kovalev is a journalist living and working in Russia. He was a senior editor at RIA Novosti, Russia's largest state news agency, and edited inosmi.ru, a website that translates news articles from foreign publications into Russian. He is the founder and editor of noodleremover.news, a Russian-language fact-checking and anti-propaganda website.

Anders ÅslundAnders Åslund

Anders Åslund has been a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute since 2006. He is also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University. He examines the economic policy of Russia, Ukraine, and Eastern Europe, as well as focuses on the broader implications of economic transition. He worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1994 to 2005, first as a senior associate and then from 2003 as director of the Russian and Eurasian Program. He also worked at the Brookings Institution and the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies. He earned his doctorate from Oxford University.

Åslund served as an economic adviser to the governments of Russia in 1991–94 and Ukraine in 1994–97. He was a professor at the Stockholm School of Economics and the founding director of the Stockholm Institute of East European Economics. He has worked as a Swedish diplomat in Kuwait, Poland, Geneva, and Moscow. He is a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and an honorary professor of the Kyrgyz National University. He is chairman of the Advisory Council of the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Warsaw, and of the Scientific Council of the Bank of Finland Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT).

Andres MäeAndres Mäe

Andres Mäe was an editor at Radio Free Europe from 1995-2003; a project direcotr at the Jaan Tõnissoni Institute and Transparency International 2005-2006; and was an anylist for the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute 2007-2013. He is currently working as a freelance analyst and writer.

Andres SimonsonAndres Simonson

Andres is first generation American of Estonian descent. He is an environmental consultant concentrating in environmental planning. He resides in Red Bank, New Jersey with his loving wife and three darling daughters.

ARS BalticaARS Baltica

Since 1991, the ARS BALTICA network has been connecting the Baltic Sea states by encouraging cultural collaboration. The power and uniqueness of ARS BALTICA lie in combining cultural policy development and close collaboration with cultural operators. Created on the initiative of the Ministries of Culture of the Baltic Sea Region, the network maintains tight links with the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS).

Twice a year, ARS BALTICA decides about the accreditation of new ARS BALTICA projects. Being granted with the ARS BALTICA logo means being actively supported by the network.

Charles DiggesCharles Digges

Charles Digges holds both a Bachelor's and Master's degree in Russian literature from Harvard University. He has been a journalist for a number of major newspapers and media companies worldwide such as The Moscow Times, the International Herald Tribune, BBC, The Nation and The Amsterdam Volkskraant. He has covered major conflicts and climate change cases, particularly in Africa, and helped to start up the Dutch-funded media group WIR in Nairobi, Kenya. This is now East Africa's only independent news agency. He has worked in Bellona's Russian program/ team since 2001, and writes for the English Bellona pages: www.bellona.org.

David J. KramerDavid J. Kramer

David J. Kramer is a senior director for human rights and democracy at the McCain Institute for International Leadership in Washington, DC. He previously served as the president of Freedom House as well as a former Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor in the George W. Bush Administration.

Edward HancoxEdward Hancox

Edward Hancox lives in in the United Kingdom with his wife and two small, noisy children but spends as much time as he can in Iceland. Music—especially contemporary Icelandic music—is his other passion. He writes about both subjects for Iceland Review and in his debut book, Iceland, Defrosted. He does not consider himself an expert on anything.

Edward LucasEdward Lucas

Edward Lucas is a senior editor at The Economist, the world’s foremost newsweekly. His expertise includes energy, cyber-security, espionage, Russian foreign and security policy and the politics and economics of Eastern Europe. In 2008 he wrote The New Cold War, a prescient account of Vladimir Putin’s Russia. In 2011 he wrote Deception, an investigative account of east-west espionage. A forthcoming book is on cyber-security. He has also contributed to books on religion and media ethics.

An experienced broadcaster, public speaker, moderator and panelist, Edward Lucas has given public lectures at Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge and other leading universities. He is a regular contributor to the BBC’s Today and Newsnight programmes, and to NPR, CNN and Sky News. He is regularly cited by Foreign Policy magazine as one of the top 100 Twitterati.

For many years a foreign correspondent, he was based in Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Moscow and the Baltic states. He is currently in London, as the energy editor at The Economist, where he also writes obituaries. His weekly column for European Voice (Brussels) has appeared since 2005; he also writes for the Times, Daily Telegraph, Daily Mail, Foreign Policy and Standpoint.

As well as working for the Independent, the BBC and the Sunday Times, he also co-founded an English-language weekly in Tallinn, Estonia: the Baltic Independent. His undergraduate degree is from the London School of Economics and he speaks five languages — German, Russian, Polish, Czech and Lithuanian.

He is married to the writer Cristina Odone and has three children. His father is the Oxford philosopher JR Lucas.

Elena ServettazElena Servettaz

Elena Servettaz is a Russian-French journalist and newscaster at Radio France Internationale in Paris, where she covers international affairs, corruption, and money laundering. She is also the editor and author of the book Why Europe Needs a Magnitsky Law (2013). She is a contributor to France24, The Interpreter, Figaro, Madame, Echo of Moscow, TV Rain, and others. Previously, she worked as the parliamentary correspondent and a special reporter for Moscow Channel 3 and as a correspondent for NTV’s political talk show Freedom of Speech. Servettaz is a graduate of Lomonosov Moscow State University and the French Press Institute in Paris.

Erik LazdinsErik Lazdins

s a councilmember for the American Latvian Youth Association (ALYA). Follow him on Twitter at @alja_politics and @lazdinse

Eygló Svala ArnarsdóttirEygló Svala Arnarsdóttir

Deputy and Web Editor Iceland Review/Atlantica

Garry KasparovGarry Kasparov

Garry Kasparov is a Russian pro-democracy leader, global human-rights activist, business speaker and author, and former world chess champion. He was born on April 13, 1963, in Baku, Azerbaijan (then USSR). He lives in New York City and travels constantly.

Hain RebasHain Rebas

Hain Rebas is a professor emeritus of history, formerly worked at the University of Gothenburg. 1990-1992 he was adviser to Foreign Minister of Estonia Lennart Meri (President 1992-2001). Rebas was Estonia's Minister of Defense from 1992 to 1993.

Helen WrightHelen Wright

Helen Wright is a British freelance journalist who has written for newspapers and websites in England, Estonia and Mongolia. She usually writes about the Baltics and is particularly interested in Estonian news, politics and culture. Her work has appeared on Estonian World, ERR News, Deep Baltic and in the Baltic Times. She tweets at @HelenWKWright

Helle TiikmaaHelle Tiikmaa

Helle Tiikmaa is an Estonian journalist who worked for Eesti Televisioon (ETV) for 19 years. She is current Vice Chairman of the Board of the Estonian Association of Journalists and has been working freelance since 2009.

Henrik EhteHenrik Ehte

Henrik Ehte is an artist manager, co-founder of the music platform The Baltic Scene and co-author of music journalist's portal Beehype. His interests include A&R and music supervision, he works on putting Estonian music on the map.

Henrik LaxHenrik Lax

Henrik Lax is a former Finnish Member of the European Parliament representing the Swedish People's Party and Member of the Bureau of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

Hunter BraithwaiteHunter Braithwaite

HUNTER BRAITHWAITE is a freelance writer based in Memphis. He has covered the arts in Shanghai, Paris, New York, and Miami for various publications, including Art in America, Artforum Online, Modern Painters, and the Wall Street Journal. He was the founding editor of the Miami Rail.

Iivi Anna MassoIivi Anna Masso

Estonian-Finnish political scientist, freelance writer; currently based in Helsinki, has a PhD in political science from the University of Helsinki (2006), has worked as researcher and lecturer of political theory at Uni Helsinki; as freelance analyst, columnist for Estonian and Finnish papers (Eesti Päevaleht, Postimees, Uusi Suomi), editor in chief for foreign policy magazine Diplomaatia (2010-2012), advisor to the President of Estonia (1/2013-3/2015)

Imbi PajuImbi Paju

Film director, author and journalist Imbi Paju has won international attention with “Memories Denied”(2005), her awardwinning documentary film and book of the same name. Both the film and the book deal with her mother’s experiences in a Soviet slave labor camp, the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, and the attempts by totalitarian regimes to destroy human memory. Paju has been praised for her ability to visually portray traumas of the past, something that is hard to do with words alone. “Memories Denied” shows us how the tragedy of an individual family repeated over and over gradually becomes a national tragedy, a part of the collective but interrupted European narrative, silenced by occupations and the coldreality of politics.

“Memories Denied” has been translated and published in Estonian,Finnish, Swedish, English and Russian. In 2007 it was selected for use in the Swedish school program “Living History”, which deals with both Nazi and Communist crimes. In 2008 the film “Memories Denied” was translated into Russian, as was the book in 2009. Since then Paju has travelled around Estonia presenting the book to Russian-speaking communities and has had the pleasure to meet with students, teachers, community groups, and others.

In 2009, Paju and Finnish writer Sofi Oksanen published a collection of essays entitled “Fear Was Behind Everything. How Estonia Lost its History and How to Get it Back” (WSOY) which further develops the same themes. The year 2009 saw the premiere of her new documentary film “Sisters across the Gulf of Finland.” which deals with terror, totalitarianism and humanity in the next step on the search for the truth.

2011/2012- She published psychological-historical best-sellers nonfiction Sisters Across the Gulf of Finland. Watching the Pain of Others. (publisher Like 2011/Finland;2012 Hea Lugu/Estonia). Is a story about how Estonian, Finnish and other Scandinavian women around Baltic Sea worked together to prevent the onset of crisis and war their own unique actions. “Sisters Across The Gulf of Finland. Watching the Pain of Others ” reveals the pains left to us as an inheritance by the past. Imbi Paju examines the way in which we look at each other, ourselves and our history. The stories of these women refresh our memories and call to mind the pages of our story hidden in the silence of history.

Imbi Paju has lectured and taken part in numerous seminars and deliberations about the crimes of communism and historical denial. Discussions inspired by her book and film in Estonia, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Taiwan,Ireland, Greece, Israel and the United States have helped open a dialogue in Europe as well as North America. This discussion continues with increasing clarity and urgency.

Judy DempseyJudy Dempsey

Judy Dempsey is a nonresident senior associate at Carnegie Europe and editor in chief of the Strategic Europe blog. She is also the author of the book The Merkel Phenomenon (Das Phänomen Merkel, Körber-Stiftung Edition, 2013).

She worked for the International Herald Tribune from 2004 to 2011 as its Germany and East European Correspondent and from 2011 to September 2013 as columnist. Dempsey was the diplomatic correspondent for the Financial Times in Brussels from 2001 onward, covering NATO and European Union enlargement. Between 1990 and 2001, she served as Jerusalem bureau chief (1996–2001), Berlin correspondent (1992–1996), and Eastern European correspondent in London (1990–1992) for the Financial Times. During the 1980s, Dempsey reported on Central and Eastern Europe for the Financial Times, the Irish Times, and the Economist.

Dempsey graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, where she studied history and political science. She has contributed to several books on Eastern Europe, including Developments in Central and East European Politics (Palgrave Macmillan and Duke University Press, 2007) and The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: A Handbook (Frederick Muller Ltd, 1985).

Jukka MallinenJukka Mallinen

Jukka Mallinen is a Finnish writer, translator and former chair of The Pen, World Association of Writers.

Jüri LuikJüri Luik

Jüri Luik has been appointed director of ICDS from August 2015. Prior to this position, he held a number of posts both as a cabinet-level politician and a professional diplomat. Between 2012 and 2015 he served as Ambassador of Estonia to the Russian Federation. From 2007 to 2012 he served as the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Republic of Estonia in the North Atlantic Council. He assumed the post after serving for four years as the Ambassador of Estonia to the United States co-accredited to Mexico and Canada. In the Estonian Government, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1994–1995), twice as Minister of Defence (1993 and 1999–2002), and as Minister without Portfolio, Head of the Government Delegation for negotiations with Russia over the withdrawal of Russian troops (1992–1994). He was elected to the Estonian Parliament in 1992. Mr Luik holds the diplomatic rank of Ambassador. He graduated from the University of Tartu with a degree in journalism in 1989 and in 1995–96 was a Visiting Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in DC.

Kalev StoicescuKalev Stoicescu

Kalev Stoicescu, a former Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defence official, took a position as a researcher at the International Centre for Defence Studies on 11 August 2014.

Among other fields, Stoicescu will specialize in issues related to Russian foreign and domestic policy, as well as developments in the field of the military, the economy, the media and minorities affairs.

Stoicescu served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1991-2000, including as ambassador to the OSCE and ambassador to US and Canada. He was a member of the Estonian delegation in border negotiations with Russia and Latvia.

He worked for the Ministry of Defence from 2002-2014, first as civilian-military cooperation department head and then, from 2007, as counsellor on defence policy at the Estonian Embassy in Paris.

Kaupo KikkasKaupo Kikkas

Kaupo Kikkas (b. 1983) is an Estonian music and fine art photographer. He received formal training in photography at Finland’s Visual Arts Institute, but he attributes his award-winning portraits of musicians to his education in that field (clarinet, sax, and voice).

He has concentrated on fine art photography for twelve years. Although based in Northern Europe, he frequently works in London, the US, as well annual projects in the Amazon rainforest.

His personal projects include a study of graveyards, a portrait series of shale miners, and images of a lost cinema in the Egyptian desert, which received wide exposure in the international media.

He has photographed a number of book- and album covers, and his work often appears in magazines. He was named best commercial portrait photographer at the WPPI Las Vegas 16x20 print competition in 2013, and was honored as the best Estonian portrait photographer in 2011 (Baltic's Photography Festival)

When not working he can be found camping (and photographing) in Lapland. He occasionally still picks up a saxophone and, after a few drinks, has been known to sing.

Recent projects:
“100 years of solitude in Estonia” (premieres 2016)
“Treescape”
“Miner”
“Statue project”
“La Bella Morte”

Kyle ParkerKyle Parker

Kyle Parker serves on the professional staff of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the U.S. House of Representatives. The views expressed here are his own and do not represent an official position of the U.S. government.

Lee EdwardsLee Edwards

Lee Edwards is the distinguished fellow in conservative thought at The Heritage Foundation's B. Kenneth Simon Center for Principles and Politics. A leading historian of American conservatism, Edwards is the author or editor of 20 books, including biographies of Ronald Reagan, Barry Goldwater and Edwin Meese III as well as histories of The Heritage Foundation and the movement as a whole.

Leon AronLeon Aron

Leon Aron was born in Moscow and came to the United States in the late 1970s. He is a resident scholar and the director of Russian studies at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where he studies Russian domestic and foreign policy; US-Russia relations; and the economic, social, and cultural aspects of Russia’s post-Soviet evolution.

Mark HarrisonMark Harrison

Mark Harrison is Professor of Economics at the University of Warwick. He is also a research associate of Warwick’s ESRC Centre on Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy and a research fellow of the Hoover Institution of War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford University. He writes on the history of communism and the economics of fighting, stealing, cheating, lying, and spying

Martin HurtMartin Hurt

Martin Hurt has worked at the ICDS since October 2010 with assessing the defence development of the Republic of Estonia and its neighbouring countries.

Martin has previously worked on various posts at the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Estonia (1998-2000, 2002-2010), the General Staff of the Estonian Defence Forces (2000-2002) and the Headquarters of the Swedish Armed Forces (1995-1998). His responsibilities have included national defence planning, budgeting, real estate management and defence procurement. Martin is a graduate of the Economics Department of Stockholm University (1996). He has studied Estonian Philology and History at the University of Tartu.

Martin was born on November 2, 1970.

Mats JohanssonMats Johansson

Mats Johansson was a Swedish Member of Parliament and served on the Foreign Affairs Committee (2006-2014) for the governing Moderate party. As a Standing Rapporteur in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe 2011-2013 he published a report about The State of Media Freedom in Europe. As chairman of the Swedish parliamentary network for the Baltic states he has been decorated by the republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

In 2015 he started the Foreign Policy Academy, as its first principal, creating an educational unit of the think-tank for students and young politicians.

Mats has also returned to journalism, as a columnist in various papers and magazines. He is also a member of The Mont Pelerin Society since 1990.

He has previously served as Political Editor-in-Chief of the leading daily Svenska Dagbladet and as CEO/Publisher of the free market think-tank Timbro.

Mel HuangMel Huang

Mel Huang was a former journalist and analyst based in Tallinn, working for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and Central Europe Review. He also worked as a consultant with the Estonian Foreign Ministry on information affairs. Mel is an American of mostly East Asian background who grew up in (another shadily-annexed territory,) Hawaiʻi.

Mike CollierMike Collier

Mike Collier is a British-born writer who lives in Latvia. His novel 'The Fourth Largest In Latvia' was published by Mansards in English and Latvian in 2014.

Mikhail ShishkinMikhail Shishkin

Mikhail Shishkin was born 1961 in Moscow, he worked as a school teacher and journalist. In 1995 he moved to Switzerland, where he worked as a Russian and German translator within the Immigration Department and specifically with Asylum Seekers. In recent years he shares his time between Moscow, Berlin and Switzerland.

Mikhail Shishkin is the only writer who received all three the most important and prestigious Russia´s literary awards: the Russian Booker Prize (2000), The National Bestseller Prize (2006) and The Big Book Prize (2006, 2011). All of his novels have been adapted for Stage Production in Russia. His books have been translated into 30 languages.

Patrik MaldrePatrik Maldre

Patrik Maldre is Managing Partner at Retel Partners, an Estonia-based consulting firm focusing on cyber security. He was an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA), where he led the CEPA Cyber Defense Initiative. He was also a Junior Research Fellow at ICDS, a Tallinn, Estonia-based security policy think tank. Previously, Patrik worked in the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Desk Officer for Cyber Security Policy.

Mr. Maldre is the author of numerous publications on cyber security threats and international cyber cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. His current research interests revolve around transatlantic cyber security policy, including cyber deterrence, norms, and confidence-building measures, as well as the use of offensive cyber capabilities during conflict and peacetime by threat actors connected to Russian strategic interests.

Paul GoblePaul Goble

Paul Goble, a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious issues in Eurasia, currently prepares daily reports on developments in that region for his blog, windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com. He worked earlier at the Central Intelligence Agency, the Foreign Broadcast Information Service, as Special Assistant for Soviet Nationalities and Special Advisor for Soviet Nationality and Baltic Affairs at the US Department of State, director of research and director of communications and technology at Radio Liberty/Radio Free Europe, and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He has taught at the University of Maryland, George Washington University, Georgetown University, the University of Tartu, and Audentes University in Tallinn. Trained at Miami University and the University of Chicago, he is the editor of nine volumes on ethnic and religious issues in Eurasia and has written numerous articles, chapters, and opeds on these topics. He currently lives in Staunton, Virginia. His email address is paul.goble@gmail.com

Pauli JärvenpääPauli Järvenpää

Dr. Pauli Järvenpää, a former Finnish diplomat and a senior government official, joined International Centre for Defence and Security on 1 May 2013.

As a Senior Research Fellow at ICDS, he focuses on the security of the Baltic Sea and Nordic region and on issues related to NATO, the EU and transatlantic cooperation, as well as on the security and development of Afghanistan.

Ambassador Järvenpää most recently served as the Finnish Ambassador to Afghanistan (2010-2013). Before that he was Director General of the Defence Policy Department at the Finnish Ministry of Defence (2002-2010) and the Defence Advisor at the Mission of Finland to NATO in Brussels (1999-2002).

Dr. Järvenpää was born on 1 January 1948 in Noormarkku, Finland.

Per Olaf SalmingPer Olaf Salming

Per Olaf Salming is a Swedish writer based in New York. He writes about design, music, arts and the occasional foreign policy issue. He fancies filter-less French cigarettes with his Vana Tallinn.

Propaganda Relief CollectivePropaganda Relief Collective

The Propaganda Relief Collective is a group of concerned international journalists and activists who seek to unmask and expose the Kremlin's proxy voices around the world who misrepresent themselves as impartial and independent observers and analysts.

Ralf FücksRalf Fücks

President of the Heinrich Böll Foundation

Mr. Fücks joined the Green Party in 1982. In 1985 he was elected to the Bremen state parliament. He served as Co-President for the national Green Party in 1989/90.

Ralf Fücks has been a member of the executive board of the Heinrich Böll Foundation since 1996.

He is responsible for the divisions of domestic political education, Europe and North America, German-Israeli-Relations as well as for the foundation’s scholarship program.

Mr. Fücks is currently a member of the Green European Foundation and president of the Heinrich Böll Foundation.

Robin HäggblomRobin Häggblom

Robin Häggblom is a Finnish military reservist and works as a contract manager with Rolls-Royce waterjets. His blog, Corporal Frisk (https://corporalfrisk.wordpress.com), reports on Finnish and Baltic Sea region military issues.
You can contact Robin at Corporal.Frisk(a)gmail.com

Saara JantunenSaara Jantunen

Sara Jantunen is a doctor of military science, a researcher, infowar expert and an author based in Helsinki, Finland. She originally started out as a linguist and completed her Bachelor’s degree studying English and linguistics in the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. After returning to Finland and doing her conscript service, she continued with her Master’s dissertation at the University of Helsinki. There, she was drawn to researching how war is represented and talked about for and via the media, and started writing about what is now called strategic communication.

In October 2015 she published a book called “Infosota” (“Infowar”).

Sigrid RausingSigrid Rausing

Sigrid Rausing is a publisher and philanthropist. She founded the Sigrid Rausing Trust in 1995.

In 1993-4 she lived on a collective farm in Estonia doing fieldwork for a PhD in Social Anthropology at University College London, followed by a two-year honorary fellowship in the same department. Her book, History, "Memory and Identity in Post Soviet Estonia: the End of a Collective Farm", was published in 2004 by Oxford University Press, and was preceded by a number of scholarly articles in a range of academic journals.

In 2005 she co-founded the publishing house Portobello Books with her husband, film and theatre producer Eric Abraham, and the publisher Philip Gwyn Jones. The same year she bought Granta Publications from the New York publisher, Rea Hederman. She is the publisher and editor of Granta magazine, and the publisher of Granta Books.

Also in 2014 her second book, Everything is Wonderful, was published by Grove Atlantic in the UK and US, Bonniers in Sweden, and by other publishers in France, Poland and Estonia.

Sofi OksanenSofi Oksanen

With her first novel, Stalinin lehmät, (“Stalin’s Cows”, 2003), Finnish-Estonian writer Sofi Oksanen (born 1977, Jyväskylä, Finland) was catapulted into the elite of young Finnish literary authors. Her original and political début, at once revolting and sublimely poetical, created a heated public debate and rendered her a nomination for The Runeberg Award, one of Finland’s most prestigious literary prizes. Oksanen followed up the success with the publication of a second novel, Baby Jane, in 2005.

A former dramaturgy student at Helsinki’s Theater Academy before she turned to writing full-time, Oksanen’s first original play “Puhdistus” was staged at the Finnish National Theater in 2007 to rave reviews. The characters she had created would not leave their author alone however, and out of the play grew Oksanen’s third literary novel Puhdistus (“Purge”, 2008). Puhdistus became a runaway success, and Sofi Oksanen’s major breakthrough: a No. 1 bestseller in Finland with sales exceeding 260 000 copies, Puhdistus has won its author numerous literary prizes, including Finland’s premier literary award, The Finlandia Award, and biggest literary award in Nordic countries, Nordic Council Literature Prize 2010. Oksanen is the youngest author ever to win either one of these prestigious prizes.

Puhdistus has also won the 2010 FNAC prize in France. It was selected from 300 works published in France. This is the first time the award has gone to a foreign author.

Puhdistus is translated into 38 languages.

Tobias J. KochTobias J. Koch

Tobias Koch works for ARS BALTICA, the initiative for cultural cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region. He has lived in various places around the European North, always keeping an eye out for great cultural projects, extraordinary pieces of literature and ideas that bring us all closer together.

Urmas PaetUrmas Paet

Urmas Paet served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia until 2014. He is currently a Member of European Parliament for Estonia.

Vello VikerkaarVello Vikerkaar

Vello Vikerkaar is an Estonian writer whose latest book, TantraMan, is available on Amazon

Will MawhoodWill Mawhood

Will Mawhood is the editor of Deep Baltic.

Zhanna NemtsovaZhanna Nemtsova

Zhanna Nemtsov is a journalist and the oldest daughter of the politician Boris Nemtsov who was murdered in February 2015. A journalist at Russia's RBK until June 2015, she joined Deutsche Welle in July 2015.

Zoya SvetovaZoya Svetova

Zoya Svetova is an activist journalist living and working in Moscow. Her work has been recognized by both Amnesty International and the Russian Union of Journalists, and she is twice-laureate of the Sakharov Prize "for journalism as an act of conscience". Zoya also serves as a member of the Moscow Public Oversight Commission for prisons.