Dr. Pauli Järvenpää, a former Finnish diplomat and a senior government official, joined International Centre for Defence and Security on 1 May 2013. As a Senior Research Fellow at ICDS, he focuses on the security of the Baltic Sea and Nordic region and on issues related to NATO, the EU and transatlantic cooperation, as well as on the security and development of Afghanistan. Ambassador Järvenpää most recently served as the Finnish Ambassador to Afghanistan (2010-2013). Before that he was Director General of the Defence Policy Department at the Finnish Ministry of Defence (2002-2010) and the Defence Advisor at the Mission of Finland to NATO in Brussels (1999-2002). Dr. Järvenpää was born on 1 January 1948 in Noormarkku, Finland.